Viruses (Updated)

Explore the lytic and lysogenic viral replication cycles with the Amoeba Sisters! This video also discusses virus structures and why a host is critical for viral reproduction. Expand details for table of contents and further reading suggestions! This updated video replaces our older virus video from 2013.

Table of Contents:
0:29 Intro to a Virus
1:10 Virus Structure
2:30 Lytic Cycle
3:41 Lysogenic Cycle
4:48 HIV
5:52 Viruses in Gene Therapy, Pesticide

We cover the basics in biology concepts at the secondary level. If you are looking to discover more about biology and go into depth beyond these basics, our recommended reference is the FREE, peer reviewed, open source OpenStax biology textbook:

Further Reading Suggestions:

Learn more about the Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus (NPV)- a virus that can target pest insects.

How does Gene Therapy Work? (from NIH)

We received a great comment asking about how viral DNA may go undetected. Check out this great journal article:


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The Amoeba Sisters videos demystify science with humor and relevance. The videos center on Pinky’s certification and experience in teaching biology at the high school level. For more information about The Amoeba Sisters, visit:

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